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Synthesis and Characterization of Structural, and Electrical Properties of Mg(0.25x)Cu(0.25x)Zn(1 – 5x)Fe2O4 Ferrites by Sol-Gel Method
The effects of magnesium, copper, and zinc substitutions on spinel ferrites have been investigated by the sol-gel technique. Ferrite compositions of Mg0,25xCu0,25xZn(1−0,5x)Fe2O4 (where x = 0.6, 0.7, 0.8 & 0.9) were prepared at a sintering temperature of 1100 ∘C with a presintering at 500 ∘C. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and high-precision impedance analysis are used to characterize structural and dielectric properties, as well as the surface topography and morphology of the samples. A single phase, cubic spinel structure, with decreased lattice constant was observed. SEM micrographs revealed a homogeneous microstructure with uniform size distributions. Both the dielectric constant and dielectric loss tangent decrease, as the incident frequency increases up to a certain saturation point. The direct current (dc) resistivity profile shows that the resistivity increases with the temperature up to the Curie point, then it goes to a constant value. The quality factor (Q-factor) increases with the incident frequency. Hence, the high Q-factor will make ferrites highly useful in applications, especially in multilayer chip inductors.
MgCuZn ferrite, sol-gel method, nanocrystalline ferrites, magnetic properties, multilayer chip inductors
M. Shahjahan, S. M. Talukder, M. S. Hossain, M. H. A. Begum, R. L. Warnock, M. A. Haque, M. Hossain, N. A. Ahmed
Journal or Conference Name
Ukrainian Journal of Physics
Publish Year