Climate change's effects are becoming more apparent, and farmers
are bearing the brunt of the consequences. As a result, by 2050, food
production is expected to decline by 18%. Therefore, the study's goal is
to develop effective and well-organized roadmap for context-based smart
agricultural systems using a pre-determined ICT framework. Following
that, this study offers a four-level conceptual framework for an
e-services-based smart agro system utilizing internet of things (IoT).
Here, each level optimizes the IoT infrastructure to accept e-services
based on contextual information supplied by the e-services. Furthermore,
the proposed ICTization process intends to broaden the role of ICT
technology development. Besides, the system's views decrease
misunderstandings about technology, growth, and connectivity while also
enhancing raw data, administration, and service synchronization.
Farmers, agricultural officers, and network operators, for example, are
all included in the proposed roadmap, which includes omnipresent farm
treatment services. Precision farming, on the other hand, need new
knowledge and innovation in order to achieve an integrated and
comprehensive approach to technology.