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Emerging Promise of Therapeutic Approaches Targeting Mitochondria in Neurodegenerative Disorders
Md Mominur Rahman, Fahadul Islam, Md Saidur Rahaman, Mst. Afroza Alam Tumpa, Muniruddin Ahmed, Popy Rani Sutradhar,

Mitochondria are critical for homeostasis and metabolism in all cellular eukaryotes. Brain mitochondria are the primary source of fuel that supports many brain functions, including intracellular energy supply, cellular calcium regulation, regulation of limited cellular oxidative capacity, and control of cell death. Much evidence suggests that mitochondria play a central role in neurodegenerative disorders (NDDs) such as Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Ongoing studies of NDDs have revealed that mitochondrial pathology is mainly found in inherited or irregular NDDs and is thought to be associated with the pathophysiological cycle of these disorders. Typical mitochondrial disturbances in NDDs include increased free radical production, decreased ATP synthesis, alterations in mitochondrial permeability, and mitochondrial DNA damage. The main objective of this review is to highlight the basic mitochondrial problems that occur in NDDs and discuss the use mitochondrial drugs, especially mitochondrial antioxidants, mitochondrial permeability transition blockade, and mitochondrial gene therapy, for the treatment and control of NDDs.

"Alzheimer’s disease; Mitochondria; Parkinson’s disease; antioxidants; gene therapy; neurodegenerative disorders. "
Journal or Conference Name
Current Neuropharmacology
Publication Year