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Nanomedicine-based immunotherapy for Alzheimer's disease
, Mohammad Amjad Kamal,

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent neurodegenerative disease caused by the deposition of amyloid β (Aβ) fibrils forming extracellular plaques and the development of neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) of intracellular hyperphosphorylated tau protein. Currently, the AD treatments focus on improving cognitive and behavioral symptoms and have limited success. It is imperative to develop novel treatment approaches that can control/inhibit AD progression, especially in the elderly population. Immunotherapy provides a promising and safe treatment option for AD by boosting the patient's immune system. The minimum immune surveillance in the immune-privileged brain, however, makes immunotherapy for AD a challenging endeavor. Therefore, the success of AD immunotherapy depends mainly on the strategy by which therapeutics is delivered to the brain rather than its efficacy. The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a major obstacle to therapeutic delivery into the brain microenvironment. Various nano-formulations have been exploited to improve the efficacy of AD immunotherapy. In this review, the applications of different types of nano-formulations in augmenting AD immunotherapy have been discussed.

"AD Immunotherapy; AD vaccines; Alzheimer's disease; Aβ immunotherapy; Nanomedicine. "
Journal or Conference Name
Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Publication Year